McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Solution One contractor and also has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis fitter, and has won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) cars racing champion. The team is the second earliest active, and second most successful Solution One group after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Motorists' Champions and eight Constructors' Champions. The group is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their biggest initial success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Additional American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars and trucks for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their very first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took control of as team principal and quickly after arranged a buyout of the original McLaren investors to take complete control of the team. This started the team's most successful period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them 7 Chauffeurs' Championships and the group took six Builders' Champions. The combination of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later click here their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams offered the most constant difficulty throughout this duration, the two winning every builders' title in between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had relocated to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and previous Williams designer Adrian Newey, further champions was available in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the team corresponded front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, handing over to long period of time McLaren worker Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season because 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season till at least 2024. After at first returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works chauffeur for the British Formula One group Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wanting to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, however when team owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to set up his own group to run him and his prospective Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper cars.